Laser Micromanipulation of Embryos in IVF

Traditionally, Acid Tyrode has been the major method used in the IVF hatching procedures alongside the Mechanical methods (Partial Zona Dissection). Technological advancement has introduced us to the Laser Assisted Hatching a procedure that is highly effective and requires less time.

What is Laser Assisted Hatching and why is it used?

Laser Assisted Hatching is an advanced technique where a slit or a gap is created in the Zona of the embryo, prior to the embryo transfer. This method is applicable to assisted reproductive techniques like IVF, ICSI, and other cases.

The main agenda of the laser hatching technique is to allow the embryo hatch out of the shell effectively after a blastocyst is formed. This procedure increases the chances of implantation in infertile women

How is the Procedure Performed

  • The laser beam of light is directed to the embryo and energy is released towards the shell.

  • This is repeated a few times until when the gap is visible

  • The laser technique requires expertise due to the fact that the laser energy has side effects and may cause cell damage during the procedure

  • Different factors are considered before laser hatching in India, for example the power source, the technique and the nature of the embryo

When is the technique suitable

  • Many IVF treatment cycles have failed due to implantation failure.

  • Weak embryos or poor quality embryos may not hatch out as expected

  • When the embryo has a thick Zona Pellucida

  • A woman above the age of 36 may opt for the procedure

Success Rates

  • Laser assisted hatching has been approved to be used in the assisted reproductive techniques due to its efficiency.

  • The procedure boosts IVF success rates as compared to without Laser assisted hatching and other hatching techniques as mentioned earlier

  • It must be performed under professional surveillance

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